Delta and major cities. (6) _________ other 53 ethnic minority groups, totalling over 8
million people, are scattered over mountain areas spreading from the North to the South.
(7) _________ number of ethnic minorities had master some farming techniques. They grew
rice plants in swamped paddy fields and carried out irrigation. Others went hunting, fishing,
collecting and lived (8) _________ semi-nomadic life. Each group has its own culture,
diverse and special.
However, (9) _________ evident gap in the material and moral has indeed still existed
between peoples living in the deltas and those living in mountain areas as well as among
ethnic minorities themselves. (10) _________ Vietnamese government has worked out
specific politics and special treatments in order to help mountainous people catching up with
lowland people, and made great efforts to develop and preserve traditional cultural identities
of each ethnic minority group.
VII. Fill each blank with a, an or the to complete the following passage.
(1) _________ Lo Lo ethnic group can be divided into Flower Lo Lo and Black Lo Lo.
Living in Lung Cu since ancient times, the Lo Lo people have made efforts in making
(2)_________ homeland suitable for farming. (3)_________ Lo Lo folkloric culture is very
rich and unique, demonstrated with dances, songs, legends. (4) _________ Lo Lo calendar
divides a year into 11 months, each corresponding (5) _________ animal’s name.
decorations on their turbans, shirts, skirts and trousers are particularly colourful.
(6) _________ ancient bronze drums are very important. (7)_________ head of each family
is entitled to keep the drums which are used only during funerals of festivals to maintain
rhythms for dances. The Lo Lo people are among (8) _________ few ethnic groups in
Vietnam who still use bronze drums, (9) _________ traditional musical instrument closely
associated with (10)_________ legend about the Flood.
VIII. Complete the sentences with a form of “have to” or “should”. Make the verbs
negative when necessary.