TOEFL Reading Comprehension Lesson 3
Đ c đo n văn sau và tr l i các câu h i:ọ ạ ả ờ ỏ
After two decades of growing student enrollments and economic prosperity, business
schools in the United States have started to face harder times. Only Harvard’s MBA
School has shown a substantial increase in enrollment in recent years. Both Princeton and
Stanford have seen decreases in their enrollments. Since 1990, the number of people
receiving Masters in Business Administration (MBA) degrees, has dropped about 3
percent to 75,000, and the trend of lower enrollment rates is expected to continue.
There are two factors causing this decrease in students seeking an MBA degree. The first
one is that many graduates of four-year colleges are finding that an MBA degree does not
guarantee a plush job on Wall Street, or in other financial districts of major American
cities. Many of the entry-level management jobs are going to students graduating with
Master of Arts degrees in English and the humanities as well as those holding MBA
degrees. Students have asked the question, “Is an MBA degree really what I need to be
best prepared for getting a good job?” The second major factor has been the cutting of
American payrolls and the lower number of entry-level jobs being offered. Business
needs are changing, and MBA schools are struggling to meet the new demands.
1. What is the main focus of this passage?
A. jobs on Wall Street
B. types of graduate degrees
C. changes in enrollment for MBA schools
D. how schools are changing to reflect the economy
2. The phrase “two decades” in line 1 refers to a period of
A. 10 years
B. 20 years
C. 50 years
D. 100 years
3. The word “prosperity” in line 1 could be best replaced by which of the following?